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Kidney diseases are showing an increasing trend the world over. More and more people are being diagnosed to be suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD). An estimate suggests that 1 out of every 10 persons is suffering from CKD. CKD is a progressive, debilitating disease which requires renal replacement therapy viz. Dialysis or Kidney transplant as the disease advances.
CKD can be prevented and controlled in the initial stages especially in patients with high risk of CKD.
Patients at high risk of CKD
- Diabetes mellitus
- Renal stone diseases
- Obstruction to the urinary tract
- Previous history of any kidney related problem
- Abnormalities in the Urinary tract
- Patients having recurrent upper urinary tract infections
- Patients habituated to take Pain killers
How to recognise CKD
- If you are falling under the high risk group
- If you have tiredness and easy fatiguability
- If you have swelling in your leg, reduced urine or increased night frequency
- If your skin looks pale and your haemoglobin is low
Remember, CKD can exist without any symptoms
Which tests will diagnose CKD?
- Urine Routine examination
- S. Creatinine/Bl. Urea /eGFR
- Ultrasonography of the kidney